Farming is an age old profession. The genesis of farming could be traced to the garden of Eden(in the Bible)where God put the first people on earth-Adam and Eve.It has been practised by past generations and will continue to be by generations yet unborn. It is the most rewarding but highly neglected occupation in Nigeria.
At independence,farming was a hereditary career handed over to the son by the father.. A child followed his father to the farm and watched him did the job and learnt the rudiments of farming in the process. That was only for subsistence in nature and farming was done with crude implements -hoes and cutlasses.
INTRODUCTION TO SCIENTIFIC FARMING
Today,civilization or education has brought a lot of changes to agriculture. Science and technology have introduced mechanized farming and instead of hoes and cutlasses,mechanized devices such as tractors,mowers,and other machines are employed to weed,cultivate and harvest farm produce. However,majority of our farmers in Nigeria still depends on the obsolete implements which are are wearisome and frustrating. Full mechanized farming is mostly practised by the elite farmers who have access to the corridor of powers and use their political leanings to monopolise the machines.
LACK OF CONTINUITY OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES
In all Geo-political zones in Nigeria,there are suitable form of one agricultural products or the other. Now that oil has failed us,each of the state of the federation is involving and diverting attention to agriculture.Perhaps, one of the major constrains of Nigeria’s development apart from corruption in the polity can be attributed to lack of continuity of development policies on the part of the government and its indigenous development agencies..As such, numerous development programmes have suffered still-birth owing to abandonment by successive administrations.Some of the development programmes that are now relics of history include:OFN,GREEN REVOLUTION,DFRRI,FSP,FEAP,PAP etc.
In 1970s, General Gowon’s National Accelerated Food Production Programme and General Obasanjo OFN both concentrated on extending cultivable areas through large scale mechanized farms which were run inefficiently. The productivity problems of Nigeria’s peasants who accounted for over 90% of total agricultural output were ignored. The Shagari administration continued this agriculture programme but with a different tag-Green Revolution tailored towards agricultural development. What happened to it after Shagari’s era? Total neglect for quick to get oil glut.
As mentioned above, in Nigeria,successive governments have been known to have advocated a mass return to the land on the part of the youths of this country. They have posited that the destiny of this country is with the youths going back to the farms,hence the slogan”Back to land”. A critical examination of this reveals that the whole exercise is nothing short of delusion because it was not properly handled. No amount of television agriculture propaganda or campaign to score cheap political points will make the youths go back to the land unless the governments take pragmatic approach to bring a change to the use of obsolete agricultural implements used on farms. Farming should be made as attractive as pushing a pen. Most of the agriculture graduates are complaining of lack of patronage or discouragement in taking farming as their professions. Only few ones are lucky to be trained by governmente lucky to be trained by governments. Loans are difficult to come by and they still use crude implements and made to employ labourers on the farms with huge wages paid to them leaving them with little or no profits.
BENEFITS TO EXPECT FROM FARMING
There are numerous advantages in farming. Farmers get a lot of food from the farms freely which in turn will save a lot of money that could have been spent to buy them in the markets. Such money saved,may be used for other domestic purposes. As a professional or government, there is the opportunity to be involved in large scale farming. Produce from cash crops or arable farming can be utilized in the country and also export to foreign countries.This will earn us foreign exchange and positively affects our GDP There will be food in abundance at affordable prices both for the rich and the poor.
—Efforts should be made by governments to provide enough tractors for rentage at rock bottom fees and provide adequate seedlings for the established and would-be farmers.
— Loans should be made available to young and willing graduate farmers who want to be involved in farming
—Farmers should not be heavily taxed as it has been the practice in the past to encourage them on the farms.
—Governments at the Federal and local levels must create a monitoring team who will see to the genuine distribution of farming implements,seedlings and even loans to the ready farmers and youths.
—-There should be price incentives and guaranteed profitable producer backed up by well run countrywide buying organisations for farmers who choose to engage with them.
—-Wide Silos and other storage facilities should be developed.
—-There should be a reduction in waste and inefficiency by governments handling the distribution of local and imported fertilizer to private organisations.
—-Some of the governments reserved lands could be leased out to farmers and young graduates .These lands are usually used for low cost housing estates which mostly are not affordable by the middle-level workers meant for because of the high prize tag on them
—-Also , the rubber plantation in the East,groundnut pyramid in the North and Cocoa plantation in the South-West should be REVIVED.to boost our local consumption and foreign reserves.
The government should stop playing politics with farming. Farmers in Nigeria are still poor and regarded as voiceless in the scheme of things,be it business, politics and what have you. This is not so in advanced countries such as Ceylon,USA,India, China etc.These countries are prosperous because they take farming and farmers seriously.
The country, Nigeria is suffering in the midst of plenty because of past governments lip service or lackadaisical attitude towards it because of cheap oil glut that has now back pedaled and snowballed us to square one.Nigeria should be able to achieve self sufficiency in such produce as: :yam,maize,cassava,beans,rice etc and even export surpluses within a reasonable period of time if some of these suggestions are taken seriously for implementation.
THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES OF TOURIST CENTRES
The simple definition or meaning of tourism is to travel for pleasure or business. This could be a time to spend your time away from your home either for business ventures or relaxation with your family or loved ones to ease yourself from the hustle and bustle of your environment, especially when on annual vacation.
The saying, travelling is part of education is germane with tourism as a product of modern, social arrangements which emanated from the Western Europe around 17th century. Tourism gave birth to the famous historical Seven Wonders of the World, later known as tourist sites for the Greeks and Romans. Thus we have: (1) the Pyramids of Giza,(2) hanging garden of Babylon,(3) The statue of Zeus,(4)temple of Artemis at Ephesus(5) Mausoleum of Halicarnassus of the Anatolian king ,(built by his widow Artemisia), (6) Colossus of Rhodes, a huge bronze statue built at the harbor of Rhodes in commemoration of the raising of the siege of Rhodes (305-306), (7) Pharos of Alexandria- the famous lighthouse of the ancient world built for Ptolemy II of Egypt on the Island of Pharos off Alexandria. We could also mention the walls of Babylon or the palace of king Cyrus of Persia to mention a few.
Tourism is not so well developed or reckoned with in Nigeria probably, this was owing to the ignorance of the people or government not aware of the much economic advantages that could be derived from it. Nigeria is rich in culture and ancient artifacts which are relics of our progenitors and could be of much interest and value to us as a people and foreigners if better focus or attention is given to it.
Nearly every state of the Federation has one or more things to showcase to the world that could bring additional income to the coffers of the government or individual operator. Below are some of these tourist and recreational centres in Nigeria-( the list is inexhaustible):
ABIA STATE-Akwuete Blues Tourist Village, War Museum, Umuahia, Museum of Colonial History etc
BAUCHI STATE-Yankari Game Reserve, Yankari National Park
BORNU STATE- Lake Chad Sanctuary
CROSS RIVER STATE- Cross River National Park, Obudu Cattle Ranch, now known as Obudu Mountain Resort, (located on Obudu plateau and close to the Cameroon border)
EDO STATE- Okomu National Park
ENUGU- NikeLike Holiday Resort
IMO STATE-Oguta Lake
KANO STATE- Palm Beach Tourist Village, Falgone Game Reserve, Kano City Walls, Kano Tourist Camp
LAGOS STATE-First Storey Building in Nigeria, Badagry, Lagos Bar Beach, Muritala Botanical Garden, National Museum, Onikan, Lekki Conservation Centre, National Theatre, Iganmu, Tarkwa Bay, Whispering Palms, Relics of Slavery ,in Badagry etc.
Niger- Kanji Lake National Park
OGUN STATE- Olumo Rock, Abeokuta
ONDO STATE- Ikogosi Warm Spring, Idanre Hills
OSUN STATE- Osun Grove
OYO STATE- Ibadan Trans Amusement Park
PLATEAU STATE- Jos Museum, Jos Wildlife Park, Mando Tourist Village, Museum of Traditional architechture,Jos
RIVERS STATE- Isaac Boro Park, Isaka Holiday Resort
The governments and people should invest more in tourism and assist the viable ones as it was done for the Osun Grove classified as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This will encourage foreign and local travelers to yearn to visiting them.
The economic significance of tourist centres are numerous. They provide jobs for the tour guides. Local and foreign people are employed to work in their restaurants. For the well established ones, with hotel facilities, people are employed as hotel staff thereby providing additional income for such communities located in. They also pay taxes to government which in turn are used for infrastructural development of the country Foreigners who come on vacations (including the local ones) with their families, come with dollars, Pond Sterling and Euros which are exchanged for our local currencies which will help to stabilize our economy both at community level s and nationwide because of foreign exchange transactions that would take place.
In places where these tourist centres are, roads leading to the sites are built or repaired. Parks and other social amenities are put in place for people to enjoy. Apart from these, either locally or internationally, visitors would interact with one another, appreciate and understand diverse cultures,(Local performances, drama etc) Also ,they buy local products as souvenirs when leaving for their countries of origin or cities.
In a nutshell, the governments should look inward to unearth tourist centres all over the country and help to develop and sustain them For example, in Osun state, there are some likely tourist centres or locations that are historical and needed to be explored: the ELEYINLA MOUNTAIN, the OLD ‘’ILE OYINBO’’,’’ IBUDO KIRIJI’’, OKUTA ‘’LOSA( OKUTA LATOSA ) and ‘’OKUTA MEWA’’,all in Igbajoland in Osun state which could be developed as tourist centres to bring in internally generated funds and good development to the state.
20 WAYS TO KEEP YOUR JOB
Everybody is elated when he or she secures a lucrative job. There is usually a sense of fulfillment and joy in the pride of achievement. The next thing is to be looking ahead to further achievements. However, if care is not taken, the euphoria of a good job might becloud ones reasoning and eventually culminated to a job loss if caution is not applied. Here are some of the things we need to guide against for us to remain effective, efficient and relevant on the job:
- Be punctual at work
- Avoid eye service
- Don’t argue with your Boss even when you are right- use wisdom to put in your points and be polite in doing this
- Obey or follow instructions
- Stick to the schedules and don’t break company policies
- Give sincere and quality service
- Get along with others
- Be cheerful and helpful
- Don’t look for shortcuts
- Don’t take offence when you are criticized constructively but use it as a springboard for improvement
- Minimize your complaints and don’t be lazy
- Drop your problem at home –don’t wear it to the office
- Take pride in your job
- Don’t envy those ahead of you
- Don’t demand reward for every service rendered.
- Train your subordinates
- Share your experience with others
- Take responsibility for all your actions
- Give official documentation a top priority
- Be honest and maintain your integrity.
6 SIGNALS TELLING YOU ARE STUCK IN A STAGNANT CAREER
Your career is very important to you as it is to other people. Nobody wishes to be changing position or career randomly like a chameleon. But the truth is that as times go on, one thing or the other may lead to you reconsidering your stand in a job or career and unless you take a decisive decision, staying in that job may no longer give you self fulfillment which may subsequently leads to frustration or a bleak. Below are early signs or signals that you are stuck in a stagnant career and needs to move on:
- When every single day looks like a Monday
- You are getting abused
- Your skills and contributions are no longer important
- No increase in salary, welfare not improved and there is no role change
- You are bored on the job or at work
- You have lost touch with your family and friends.
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