The simple definition or meaning of tourism is to travel for pleasure or business. This could be a time to spend your time away from your home either for business ventures or relaxation with your family or loved ones to ease yourself from the hustle and bustle of your environment, especially when on annual vacation.
The saying, travelling is part of education is germane with tourism as a product of modern, social arrangements which emanated from the Western Europe around 17th century. Tourism gave birth to the famous historical Seven Wonders of the World, later known as tourist sites for the Greeks and Romans. Thus we have: (1) the Pyramids of Giza,(2) hanging garden of Babylon,(3) The statue of Zeus,(4)temple of Artemis at Ephesus(5) Mausoleum of Halicarnassus of the Anatolian king ,(built by his widow Artemisia), (6) Colossus of Rhodes, a huge bronze statue built at the harbor of Rhodes in commemoration of the raising of the siege of Rhodes (305-306), (7) Pharos of Alexandria- the famous lighthouse of the ancient world built for Ptolemy II of Egypt on the Island of Pharos off Alexandria. We could also mention the walls of Babylon or the palace of king Cyrus of Persia to mention a few.
Tourism is not so well developed or reckoned with in Nigeria probably, this was owing to the ignorance of the people or government not aware of the much economic advantages that could be derived from it. Nigeria is rich in culture and ancient artifacts which are relics of our progenitors and could be of much interest and value to us as a people and foreigners if better focus or attention is given to it.
Nearly every state of the Federation has one or more things to showcase to the world that could bring additional income to the coffers of the government or individual operator. Below are some of these tourist and recreational centres in Nigeria-( the list is inexhaustible):
ABIA STATE-Akwuete Blues Tourist Village, War Museum, Umuahia, Museum of Colonial History etc
BAUCHI STATE-Yankari Game Reserve, Yankari National Park
BORNU STATE- Lake Chad Sanctuary
CROSS RIVER STATE- Cross River National Park, Obudu Cattle Ranch, now known as Obudu Mountain Resort, (located on Obudu plateau and close to the Cameroon border)
EDO STATE- Okomu National Park
ENUGU- NikeLike Holiday Resort
IMO STATE-Oguta Lake
KANO STATE- Palm Beach Tourist Village, Falgone Game Reserve, Kano City Walls, Kano Tourist Camp
LAGOS STATE-First Storey Building in Nigeria, Badagry, Lagos Bar Beach, Muritala Botanical Garden, National Museum, Onikan, Lekki Conservation Centre, National Theatre, Iganmu, Tarkwa Bay, Whispering Palms, Relics of Slavery ,in Badagry etc.
Niger- Kanji Lake National Park
OGUN STATE- Olumo Rock, Abeokuta
ONDO STATE- Ikogosi Warm Spring, Idanre Hills
OSUN STATE- Osun Grove
OYO STATE- Ibadan Trans Amusement Park
PLATEAU STATE- Jos Museum, Jos Wildlife Park, Mando Tourist Village, Museum of Traditional architechture,Jos
RIVERS STATE- Isaac Boro Park, Isaka Holiday Resort
The governments and people should invest more in tourism and assist the viable ones as it was done for the Osun Grove classified as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This will encourage foreign and local travelers to yearn to visiting them.
The economic significance of tourist centres are numerous. They provide jobs for the tour guides. Local and foreign people are employed to work in their restaurants. For the well established ones, with hotel facilities, people are employed as hotel staff thereby providing additional income for such communities located in. They also pay taxes to government which in turn are used for infrastructural development of the country Foreigners who come on vacations (including the local ones) with their families, come with dollars, Pond Sterling and Euros which are exchanged for our local currencies which will help to stabilize our economy both at community level s and nationwide because of foreign exchange transactions that would take place.
In places where these tourist centres are, roads leading to the sites are built or repaired. Parks and other social amenities are put in place for people to enjoy. Apart from these, either locally or internationally, visitors would interact with one another, appreciate and understand diverse cultures,(Local performances, drama etc) Also ,they buy local products as souvenirs when leaving for their countries of origin or cities.
In a nutshell, the governments should look inward to unearth tourist centres all over the country and help to develop and sustain them For example, in Osun state, there are some likely tourist centres or locations that are historical and needed to be explored: the ELEYINLA MOUNTAIN, the OLD ‘’ILE OYINBO’’,’’ IBUDO KIRIJI’’, OKUTA ‘’LOSA( OKUTA LATOSA ) and ‘’OKUTA MEWA’’,all in Igbajoland in Osun state which could be developed as tourist centres to bring in internally generated funds and good development to the state.
20 WAYS TO KEEP YOUR JOB
Everybody is elated when he or she secures a lucrative job. There is usually a sense of fulfillment and joy in the pride of achievement. The next thing is to be looking ahead to further achievements. However, if care is not taken, the euphoria of a good job might becloud ones reasoning and eventually culminated to a job loss if caution is not applied. Here are some of the things we need to guide against for us to remain effective, efficient and relevant on the job:
- Be punctual at work
- Avoid eye service
- Don’t argue with your Boss even when you are right- use wisdom to put in your points and be polite in doing this
- Obey or follow instructions
- Stick to the schedules and don’t break company policies
- Give sincere and quality service
- Get along with others
- Be cheerful and helpful
- Don’t look for shortcuts
- Don’t take offence when you are criticized constructively but use it as a springboard for improvement
- Minimize your complaints and don’t be lazy
- Drop your problem at home –don’t wear it to the office
- Take pride in your job
- Don’t envy those ahead of you
- Don’t demand reward for every service rendered.
- Train your subordinates
- Share your experience with others
- Take responsibility for all your actions
- Give official documentation a top priority
- Be honest and maintain your integrity.
6 SIGNALS TELLING YOU ARE STUCK IN A STAGNANT CAREER
Your career is very important to you as it is to other people. Nobody wishes to be changing position or career randomly like a chameleon. But the truth is that as times go on, one thing or the other may lead to you reconsidering your stand in a job or career and unless you take a decisive decision, staying in that job may no longer give you self fulfillment which may subsequently leads to frustration or a bleak. Below are early signs or signals that you are stuck in a stagnant career and needs to move on:
- When every single day looks like a Monday
- You are getting abused
- Your skills and contributions are no longer important
- No increase in salary, welfare not improved and there is no role change
- You are bored on the job or at work
- You have lost touch with your family and friends.
HOW TO PREVENT FRAUD AMONG YOUR STAFF
Allowing fraud or embezzling of funds in a company may bring down the establishment if caution is not taken. Fraud is common among staff dealing with finances in any organization. Small or big businesses are prone to fall prey to this swindle if they do not have a policy or system in place to prevent it. Find below some tips to adopt to protect your business from unethical staff members:
- WATCH YOUR INCOME RECEIPTS- More than one person or employee should be involved in counting or verifying incoming receipts. Make sure all incoming cheques are duly endorsed. Buy a “for deposit only” stamp and use it on all incoming cheques.This will prevent an employee from cashing them. You should personally investigate customers’ complaints that credit has not been received for payments. Get a copy of the front and back of the customers’ cheque and be sure it was deposited in your business account.
- LET YOUR ACCOUNTING EXECUTIVES OR ACCOUNTANT TAKE VACATION OR ANNUAL LEAVE-Any employee embezzling from you may need to make unbroken effort to conceal his act of stealing. Many small business owners are surprised to to discover loyal employees who never take vacations and never stay home-sick-are really stealing from them. The reason for these people to be in the office uninterrupted may be to cover a complicated ‘transaction’. Make it compulsory those employees who perform accounting/bookkeeping take vacation every year and should be at the end of month when the books are closed. Let a neutral person at this crucial period review your books and scout for discrepancies.
- CHANGE YOUR EXTERNAL AUDITOR WITHOUT NOTICE-There is the tendency that your regular or known auditor must have been compromising with your books. It is possible that he or she ,owing to familiarity with the staff has been shielding them whenever the exercise takes place with a cash reward. Call for a neutral person abruptly once a while. It is not easy to compromise with a total stranger. Don’t let the audit comes the same time every year; it should be unscheduled and a surprise
- BE FAMILIAR WITH YOUR ACCONTING RECORDS- Frauds commonly occur when you do not supervise your accounting books. This makes it easy for an accounting officer to keep cash and receipts. As an entrepreneur, you must be familiar with your company’s bookkeeping and record keeping system. Let your accountant show you what you should look for or go for a remedial training or bookkeeping class for you not to be in the dark. Do not completely trust someone else to oversee this vital part of your business. By this, you can easily review the books and make sure nothing is amiss.
- PROTECT YOUR ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE- Restrict your accounting software to only the officer in charge. Password the computer and the software and don’t put the computer that holds your books on your network.
- CHANGE YOUR PASSWORD FREQUENTLY-Don’t be careless with your company cheques. Keep them in a locked drawer or cabinet and don’t give out the key. Use pre-numbered cheques and check for missing cheque numbers frequently. Have a “voided cheque” procedure in place that requires you (the owner) to validate all voided items. Request all cheques above nominal amount to have two signatures(one of which is yours). Do not ever sign a blank cheque.
- ENDORSE EVERY PAY ROLL CHEQUES PERSONALLY- Scrutinize the cheques to be sure you know all the people. If you doubt a name on a cheque, secretly hunt for the person and keep a weekly count of the number of people on your pay roll and match it against the number of cheques you have. Be sure changes are not made to the company’s payroll master file without your approval and signature. You can also have a separate account for payroll and deposit the exact amount on your payroll in that account. Do a prompt monthly reconciliation.
8.COLLECT YOUR BANK STATEMENTS PERSONALLY-If this is possible(though may be stressful) get your monthly bank statements personally as pre-arranged with your banks. Study the cheques meticulously. Examine the payees, signatures and endorsements on each cheque. Keep an eye out for likely fraud such as:
- Cheques where the payee listed does not match with the name in your register
- Signatures that look forged
- Missing cheques, or cheque numbers that are b out of order
- Cheques made out to cash that are larger than the amount you allow for petty cash
- People you don’t know or cheques to suppliers
- Cheques made out to a third party but endorsed by someone in your company.
By –Chinwe Nkem
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