Climate Change is inevitable after more than 150 years of global industrialization. Climate change  and  ‘’The Greenhouse Effect’’ are twin sisters. It often gets a bad rap owing  to its association  with global warming but frankly speaking , we could not  live without it.

What Causes  the Greenhouse Effect?

This planet earth we live in depends  on energy from the sun. About 30% of sunlight that shines  on the earth deflected  by the outer atmosphere  and dispersed  further into  the space. The rest reaches  the planet’s surface  and is reflected  upward again  as a type of  slow moving energy  called infrared radiation.

 

 

Once the infrared radiation is carried aloft by air currents, it is absorbed  by ‘’greenhouse gases’’ such as water vapour, carbon dioxide, ozone and methane, which slows its escape  from the atmosphere.

 

 

Even though  greenhouse gases  make up only  about 1% of the Earth’s  atmosphere, they regulate our climate  by trapping  heat and holding  it in a kind  warm-air blanket  that surrounds the planet.

 

 

This phenomenon is what scientists call  the greenhouse effect. Without it, scientists estimate  that the average  temperature  on earth would be colder  by approximately  30 degrees Celsius (54 degrees Fahrenheit), far too cold to sustain  our current ecosystem.

 

How Do Humans Contribute to Greenhouse Effect?

Greenhouse  effect is a very vital environmental  necessity  for life  Earth  but there really  can be too much of a good thing.

Industrial pollution

The problem starts when human activities distort and accelerate  the natural process  by creating  more greenhouse gases  in the atmosphere than  are necessary  to warm the planet  to an ideal temperature .

1.The First is  the Burning of the natural gas , coal, and oil, including gasoline for automobile engines ,; raises the  level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

 

2.Some farming or agricultural practices  and land –use  changes increase  the levels of methane and nitrous oxide.

3.Many factories produce  long-lasting industrial  gases that do not occur naturally , yet contribute  hugely to the enhanced greenhouse  effect and ‘’global warming’’  that is currently underway.

4.Another one is Deforestation  which contributes to  global warming. Trees use carbon dioxide and  give off oxygen in its place , which helps to create  optimal balance of  gases in  the atmosphere. Once more forests  are logged for  timber  or cut down to make way for  farming or agriculture purpose, there are fewer trees  to perform  this critical function.

 

5.Increase in Population  is another  factor in global  Warming; as more  people use fossil  fuels  for heat, transportation  and manufacturing , the level of greenhouse  gases  continues to aggravate. As more farming occurs to feed millions  of new born(people), more greenhouse  gases saturates the atmosphere.

 

Without mincing words , the average global  temperature is  increasing daily; now we can feel the heat in Nigeria rapidly. Now the increase  in the Earth’s temperature is  increasing with unprecedented speed.

 

Let us illustrate  with this: In the 20th Century, the average global temperature increased  by 0.6 degrees Celsius(slightly more than 1 degree Fahrenheit). Also, Using Computer Climate Models(CLM) scientists estimate that by the  year 2100, the global temperature  will increase by  1. 4 degrees to 10.5 degrees Fahrenheit.

 

It is  not all Scientists  that  agree with this  though. While the majority  of mainstream  Scientists  agree that global warming  is a serious challenge  that is growing  steadily  worse , there are some who disagree.

 

John Christy , a Professor  and Director  of the Earth system  Science Centre at the University  of Alabama in Huntsville is a respected Climatologist who argues  that global  warming  is not worth  worrying about.

 

He (Christy) reached that opinion  after analyzing  millions  of measurements  from weather Satellite in an effort  to find  a global temperature  trend. According to him, he found no sign of global warming in the  Satellite data , and then believes that the predictions  of global  warming by  as much as  10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of  the 21st   Century are not correct.

What are the Effect of Global  Warming?

1.Rising Temperatures would raise  sea-levels as well as reducing  supplies of fresh water as flooding occurs along coastlines worldwide and salt water reaches inland.

2.Many World’s endangered species  would become extinct as rising temperatures  changed their habitat.

3.Millions of people  also would be affected , especially  poor people  who live in  precarious  locations  or depend on the land  for a subsistence living.

4.Some Vector –borne diseases carried by animals  or insects  such as malaria, would become  more widespread as warmer conditions  expanded  their range.

  1. There would be much carbon dioxide emissions .

 

Climate change are inevitable . According to the United Nations, some climate change  is already  inevitable  because of emissions  that have occurred  since the dawn  of the industrial age.

 

While the Earth’s climate does not respond  quickly  to external changes, many Scientists believe that global warming  already has significant momentum owing to  over 150 years  of industrialization  in many countries  of the world.

 

As a result, global warming will continue to affect life on earth  for hundreds of years , even  if greenhouse  gas emissions  are reduced  and the increase  in atmospheric  levels halted.

 

WAY FORWARD?

To reduce  those long-term effects, many nations , communities  and individuals must take actions  to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and slow global  warming by reducing dependence  on fossil fuels , increasing  the use of  energy , planting  trees, increase the use of remarkable energy , planting trees  to replace  those fallen to expand  the forests  and also to inculcate  a lifestyle choices  that will help to sustain the environment.

 

We should all lend our efforts  to see to the reduction  in greenhouse  gas; more trees are to be planted, and illegal falling of trees  should be discouraged.

 

 

 

By TheInterviewsNigeria

Publisher/Editor -in Chief with more than a decade of working in the media production industry, Our preoccupation is Development News and rooting for innovation locally and internationally. We are British trained Business English PRO. We edit manuscripts for book publication, translation(English/Yoruba/French). We cross your 't's' and dot your 'i's. We are also into speech draftsmanship and photography; Business reports, and proposals, with minimal cost. Meeting the deadline is our watchword. We would cover your Social /Public events with precision. The proof of the pudding is in the eating. Call-08144956897, 08057355037 E-mail- theinterviewsng@gmail.com, akintunde.idowu@gmail.com

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