Uganda Health officials on Tuesday has declared another  outbreak  of Ebola Virus Disease  following  the confirmation  of a case  of the Sudan EbolaVirus confirmed   in Mubende District  in the central  Part of the country.

 

 

The case was confirmed after Uganda Virus Research Institute  tested  a sample  taken  from a 24-year-old man .

 

This follows an investigation  by the National  Rapid Response Team  of six suspicious deaths that have  occurred  in the district  this month.  There are currently eight  suspected cases who are receiving  care in a health facility

 

Ebola is a deadly , often fatal illness affecting  humans and other  primates. It has six different species, three of  which (Bundibugyo, Sudan and Zaire) have previously  caused large outbreaks.

 

 

 

 

The case fatality rates  of the Sudan Virus have varied  from 41 per cent  to 100 per cent in past outbreaks. Early  initiation  of supportive  treatment has been shown  to significantly  reduce deaths  from Ebola.

 

 

Commenting on the situation, the World Health Organization(WHO) Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, said: ‘’This is the first time  in more than  a decade that Uganda  is recording  an outbreak  of Sudan Ebolavirus. We are working closely  with the National Health Authorities to investigate  the source  of this outbreak  , while  supporting  the efforts to quickly  roll out effective control measures.

 

‘’Uganda is no stranger to effective Ebola control . Thanks  to its expertise, action  has been taken quickly   to detect  the virus and we  can bank  on this knowledge  to halt  the spread  of infections’’.

 

 

 

 

 

There  have been seven previous outbreaks of the Sudan Ebolavirus, with  four occurring   in Uganda and three in Sudan. Uganda  last reported  an outbreak  of Sudan ebolavirus in 20122. In  2019, the country  experienced   an outbreak  of Zaire  ebolavirus . The virus  was imported  from neibouring  Democratic Republic   of the Congo which was  battling  a large  epidemic in its north-eastern region.

 

WHO is  helping Uganda Health Authorities with  the investigation and is deploying  staff to the affected  area. The Organisation has dispatched supplies to support the care of patients and is sending a tent that will  be used to isolate patients.

 

 

 

 

 

While ring  vaccination of high-risk  people with Ervebo(Rvsv-zebov) vaccine  has been  highly  effective in controlling  the spread  of Ebola in recent  outbreaks in the Democratic  Republic   of the Congo  and elsewhere . This vaccine  has only  been  approved  to protect  against  the Zaire virus.

 

 

 

Another vaccine produced  by Johnson  and Johnson  may be effective  but has  yet to be specifically tested against Ebola Sudan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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