China has announced a grand vision to create and mass-produce humanoid robots that can perform various tasks and interact with humans. The country’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) published a blueprint document last week, stating that the humanoid robots would be as “disruptive” as smartphones and would “reshape the world.”


According to the MIIT, the humanoid robots would reach an “advanced level” by 2025 and would be mass-produced by then. The ministry outlined its development goals in its roadmap, which also sparked a surge in the shares of Chinese robotics companies.

The move is part of China’s efforts to compete with the US in the field of chips and hardware, where US companies such as Tesla and Boston Dynamics have been leading the way. China, which is the world’s largest electronics manufacturer, aims to achieve breakthroughs in environment sensing, motion control and machine-to-human interaction capabilities in the next two years. The government also supports the use of artificial intelligence in robotics and calls for more research into the development of dexterous robot hands, arms and feet.

The policy document did not provide much details, but it showed China’s ambition to make humanoid robots that can think, learn and innovate by 2027. The country also plans to establish a reliable industry supply chain system to support the manufacture of the humanoid robots.

Humanoid robots are expected to take over many tasks that are currently done by humans, such as picking groceries or working in hazardous environments.

China is not the only country that is pursuing the mass production of humanoid robots. For instance, a US-based company called Agility Robotics is opening a robot factory in Oregon later this year, where it plans to build hundreds of its bipedal robots that can walk, crouch and carry packages.

Other US companies have already developed impressive humanoid robots, such as Tesla’s “Optimus” robot and Boston Dynamics’ Atlas robot, which can do back flips. Meanwhile, South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Group acquired Boston Dynamics in a $1.1 billion deal three years ago. [Indianexpress]

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